Yellow Billed Cardinal 2011

Yellow Billed Cardinal 2011


Kona Coast, Hawaii USA 2011

The yellow-billed cardinal (Paroaria capitata) is a bird species in the tanager family (Thraupidae). It was formerly placed in the Emberizidae and is not very closely related to the cardinals proper (Cardinalidae).

It occurs in Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and northern Argentina and has been introduced on the island of Hawai'i. It breeds in moist shrubland. The yellow-billed cardinal could be easily confused with the red-crested cardinal. The yellow-billed cardinal does not have a crest.

  • Diet: Yellow-billed Cardinals eat seeds, fruit and insects. They can be seen foraging on the ground hunting for seeds.
  • Courtship: Mating season begins in October.
  • Nesting: The nest is deep and cup-shaped and is made of small branches, twigs, grasses and horsehair. Usually two eggs are laid and are alricial (little feathers at birth)
  • Habitat and Range: They are common on the Kona Coast and are usually found in shrubs and open areas near marshes, lakes and rivers and on the edges of woodlands and forests. I saw them on the lawns around various resorts in Kona.
  • Vocalization: Their call is a single, squeaky note similar to the red-crested cardinal but softer.
  • Plumage/Molt No information.
  • Migration: Not sure about South America, but Yellow-billed Cardinals don't migrate in Hawaii.

Yellow Billed Cardinal Range

Range Map

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